From 1946 to 1963: agriculture and food security

Following the Second World War, France faced food shortages. Its agricultural sector lagged considerably behind the agricultural sectors of major developed countries, and was insufficient to meet the population’s needs. Consequently, INRA was set up in 1946 to use science and technology to develop agriculture by improving production techniques (for crops and livestock) and the genetic selection of plants and animals. An “agricultural revolution” took place: agriculture was increasingly productive, specialised and regionalised. This modernisation was supported by the structuring of the profession and support from pro-active public policies. By the end of the 1960s, France was self-sufficient in terms of food production.