Three of the four Carnot Institutes coordinated by INRA. © INRA

Four accredited Carnot 3 Institutes

Emulsion of lipid droplets sheathed in a 100% biodegradable surface-active protein (made from rapeseed pellets). © INRA, RIAUBLANC Alain

Bio-energies, bio-molecules and bio-based materials from renewable carbon (3BCAR)

The Carnot institute 3BCAR offers businesses an ecologically sound approach to developing the use of renewable resources in the fields of energy, chemistry and materials. It offers research partnerships firmly rooted in a network of research excellence to promote sustainable business growth.

Updated on 01/22/2015
Published on 09/15/2014

3BCAR uses a multidisciplinary approach to make the transition from a fossil fuel-based economy (oil and gas) to an economy based on renewable carbon. This constitutes nothing less than a radical departure from current consumer habits.

3BCAR offers a comprehensive range of skills from A to Z, starting with plants, waste and initial by-products to the final product, tapping into all industrial processes that use green chemistry and biotechnologies:

  • Systemic analysis, eco-design and life cycle analysis (LCA);
  • White biotechnologies;
  • Biomass and green biotechnologies;
  • Transformation of biomass

3BCAR skill sets offer. © INRA
3BCAR skill sets offer © INRA

Headed by INRA, 3BCAR brings together AgroParisTech, Cirad, CNRS, INRA Transfert, Insa Toulouse, INP Toulouse, SupAgro Montpellier and The University of Montpellier 2.
Visit us at http://www.3bcar.fr

to find out more

INRA reports
  • Plant resources for a bio-economy

Miscanthus, sorghum, short rotation coppice, algae: new species to be conquered or oldies but goodies waiting to be used in new ways? That is the challenge INRA researchers face with the production of fuels and biomaterials from renewable carbon.
Read the report (French only)>

  • Miscanthus, a very promising plant…

Since 2006, INRA has been studying the potential of miscanthus as a source of biomass for green chemistry in a long-term experiment at the Estrées-Mons site near Amiens in the north of France. The research focuses on the genetic traits favourable to the production and transformation of biomass as well as the environmental consequences of the introduction of this new crop from Asia.
Read the report >

  • Lignin, the stumbling block of biorefineries

Making the shift from first-generation biofuels to second- or third-generation, and entering the era of green chemistry, will not happen until a significant stumbling block is overcome: lignin. Lignin is the key to developing biorefineries, the sticking point of all research in the field.
Read the report (French only)>

  • White biotechnologies

Accelerating the development of industrial biotechnologies based on renewable carbon – another challenge at the heart of the industrial biotechnology catalyst TWB.

Inside labs

  • It’s a (re-)wrap!

When it comes to food, innovating for tomorrow includes smarter packaging. Thanks to Ecobiocap, a European project headed by INRA in Montpellier, by-products from the food industry are recycled to make biodegradable food packaging.
Watch the video (in French)>

  • The agroplastics boom

The future looks bright for plastic made from vegetal debris, such as sunflower and wheat. How are agroplastics made?
Watch the video (in French)>

  • Biofuels from the sea: a matter of time?

Third generation biofuels: focus on micro-algae “investments for the future”. Report from the Thau pond. Within the framework of the Greenstars project, INRA researchers in Narbonne are studying micro-algae to develop a third-generation biofuel that may be available on the market by 2020.
Watch the video (in French)>

At a glance

  • 500 researchers and 250 doctoral students
  • 60 patent families
  • 10 technological platforms
  • Transfer centres for mature technologies (up to TRL*6): CRITT CATAR, CRITT BIO Industries, INRA Transfert environment and industrial biotechnology catalyst TWB
  • 1 single entry point